Simulation and Optimisation for the Radar Echo Telescope for Cosmic Rays
July 30, 2021
The SLAC T-576 beam test experiment showed the feasibility of the radar detection technique to probe high-energy particle cascades in dense media. Corresponding particle-level simulations indicate that the radar method has very promising sensitivity to probe the $>$PeV cosmic neutrino flux. As such, it is crucial to demonstrate the in-situ feasibility of the radar echo method, which is the main goal of the current RET-CR experiment. Although the final goal of the Radar Echo Telescope is to detect cosmic neutrinos, we seek a proof of principle using cosmic-ray air showers penetrating the (high-altitude) Antarctic ice sheet.
When an UHECR particle cascade propagates into a high-elevation ice sheet, it produces a dense in-ice cascade of charged particles which can reflect incoming radio waves. Using a surface cosmic-ray detector, the energy and direction of the UHECR can be reconstructed, and as such this constitutes a nearly ideal in-situ test beam to provide the proof of principle for the radar echo technique. RET-CR will consist of a transmitter array, receiver antennas and a surface scintillator plate array.
Here we present the simulation efforts for RET-CR performed to optimise the surface array layout and triggering system, which affords an estimate of the expected event rate.
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