PoS - Proceedings of Science
Volume 395 - 37th International Cosmic Ray Conference (ICRC2021) - DM - Dark Matter
Characterization of the DIMS system based on astronomical meteor techniques for macroscopic dark matter search
D. Barghini*, S. Valenti, S. Abe, M. Arahori, M.E. Bertaina, M. Casolino, A. Cellino, C. Covault, T. Ebisuzaki, Y. Fujiwara, D. Gardiol, M. Hajdukova, R. Ide, Y. Iwami, F. Kajino, S.W. Kim, J.N. Matthews, K. Nadamoto, I.H. Park, L.W. Piotrowski, H. Sagawa, K. Shinozaki, D. Shinto, J.S. Sidhu, G. Starkman, S. Tada, Y. Takizawa and Y. Tamedaet al. (click to show)
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Pre-published on: July 31, 2021
Published on: March 18, 2022
Nuclearites are strange quark matter conglomerates that are hypothesized as possible candidates of macroscopic dark matter. When impacting the Earth’s atmosphere, they should undergo quasi-elastic collisions with the air molecules and emit black-body radiation, thus generating atmospheric luminous events similar to meteors. However, nuclearites could be distinguished from meteors mainly by their altitude, velocity, and motion direction of the bright flight. For instance, nuclearites of galactic origins are expected to have a typical velocity of 250 km s$^{-1}$, whereas meteors observed in the Earth’s atmosphere are bounded to 72 km s$^{-1}$. In the case of meteoroids of interstellar origin, this value may be exceeded but, considering the stellar velocity distribution in the vicinity of the Sun, only by several kilometres per second. The DIMS (Dark matter and Interstellar Meteoroid Study) experiment was designed to search for such fast-moving particles by observing the sky with wide-field, high-sensitivity CMOS cameras. We derived the calibration of the DIMS sensors by astrometric and photometric techniques applied to observed stars in the field of view and assessed the achieved positional precision and sensitivity levels. Since nuclearites and meteor events feature quite distinct observational conditions, we optimized the DIMS setup and analysis pipeline. The distinct spectrum of mass and velocity of nuclearites must also be taken into account. We consequently evaluated the variability of nuclearites dynamics in the atmosphere in this respect. We also assessed the potentiality of the DIMS system in posing limits for macros observation based on our preliminary results. In this contribution, we will present the current status of this work.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.22323/1.395.0500
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