PoS - Proceedings of Science
Volume 395 - 37th International Cosmic Ray Conference (ICRC2021) - GAI - Gamma Ray Indirect
Gamma/hadron discrimination using a small-WCD with four PMTs
R. Conceição*, P. Assis, F. Assunção, A. Bakalova, U. Barres de Almeida, C. Roque Bom, J. Correia, A. De Angelis, L.O. Dias, B. Serrano González, A. Guillén, G. La Mura, N. Lourenço, P. Machado, S. Marques, L. Mendes, M. Pimenta, R. Shellard, B. Tomé and J. Vicha
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Pre-published on: July 29, 2021
Published on: March 18, 2022
The Southern Wide-field Gamma-ray Observatory (SWGO) is the next-generation gamma-ray observatory, currently in an R\&D phase. The experiment is expected to have a large array of water Cherenkov detectors (WCD) placed at a high elevation (> 4.4 km a.s.l.) in South America.
Here we present a WCD concept with reduced surface area and height of stations comprising four PMTs at the bottom.
We show that it is possible to reach an excellent gamma/hadron discrimination by analysing the data gathered by this station with machine learning techniques. Such performance can be achieved by analysing the shower patterns at the ground or through the PMTs signal time structure to tag muons. Moreover, it is shown that the station's performance does not depend on the array configuration (dense or sparse) nor on the shower inclination ($\theta < 40^\circ$). Such a concept reduces the cost associated with the transport of massive amounts of water to high elevation sites while keeping a high physics performance. Therefore, it could be a good candidate station for SWGO, enabling to reach good sensitivities from low energies ($\sim 100\,$GeV) up to the PeV region, covering large ground surface areas (few square km).
DOI: https://doi.org/10.22323/1.395.0707
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