PoS - Proceedings of Science
Volume 395 - 37th International Cosmic Ray Conference (ICRC2021) - GAI - Gamma Ray Indirect
H.E.S.S. ToO program on nearby core-collapse Supernovae : search for very-high energy gamma-ray emission towards the SN candidate AT2019krl in M74
 Hess Collaboration, H. Abdalla, F. Aharonian, F. Ait-Benkhali, O. Anguener, C. Arcaro, C. Armand, T. Armstrong, H. Ashkar, M. Backes, V. Baghmanyan, V. Barbosa Martins, A. Barnacka, M. Barnard, R.W. Batzofin, Y. Becherini, D. Berge, K. Bernloehr, B. Bi, M. Böttcher, C. Boisson, J. Bolmont, M. Bony (de), M. Breuhaus, R. Brose, F. Brun, T. Bulik, T. Bylund, F. Cangemi, S. Caroff, S. Casanova, J. Catalano, P. Chambery, T.B. Chand, A. Chen, G. Cotter, M. Curlo, H. Dalgleish, J. Damascene Mbarubucyeye, I.D. Davids, J. Davies, J. Devin, A. Djannati-Ataï, A. Dmytriev, A. Donath, V. Doroshenko, L. Dreyer, L. Du Plessis, C. Duffy, K. Egberts, S. Einecke, J.P. Ernenwein, S. Fegan, K. Feijen, A. Fiasson, G. Fichet de Clairfontaine, G. Fontaine, L. Frans, M. Fuessling, S. Funk, S. Gabici, Y. Gallant, G. Giavitto, L. Giunti, D. Glawion, J.F. Glicenstein, M.H. Grondin, S. Hattingh, M. Haupt, G. Hermann, J. Hinton, W. Hofmann, C. Hoischen, T. Holch, M. Holler, D. Horns, Z.Q. Huang, D. Huber, M. Hörbe, M. Jamrozy, F. Jankowsky, V. Joshi, I. Jung, E. Kasai, K. Katarzynski, U. Katz, D. Khangulyan, B. Khelifi, S. Klepser, W. Kluzniak, N. Komin*, R. Konno, K. Kosack, D. Kostunin, M. Kreter, G. Kukec Mezek, A. Kundu, G. Lamanna, S. Le Stum, A. Lemiere, M. Lemoine-Goumard, J.P. Lenain, F. Leuschner, C. Levy, T. Lohse, A. Luashvili, I. Lypova, J. Mackey, J. Majumdar, D. Malyshev, D. Malyshev, V. Marandon, P. Marchegiani, A. Marcowith, A. Mares, G. Martí-Devesa, R. Marx, G. Maurin, P. Meintjes, M. Meyer, A. Mitchell, R. Moderski, L. Mohrmann, A. Montanari, C. Moore, P. Morris, E. Moulin, J. Muller, T. Murach, K. Nakashima, M. Naurois (de), A. Nayerhoda, H. Davids, J. Niemiec, A. Noel, P. O'Brien, L.L. Oberholzer, S. Ohm, L. Olivera-Nieto, E. Ona-Wilhelmi (de), M. Ostrowski, S. Panny, M. Panter, D. Parsons, G. Peron, S. Pita, V. Poireau, D.A. Prokhorov, H. Prokoph, G. Puehlhofer, M. Punch, A. Quirrenbach, P. Reichherzer, A. Reimer, O. Reimer, Q. Remy, M. Renaud, B. Reville, F. Rieger, C. Romoli, G.P. Rowell, B. Rudak, H. Rueda Ricarte, E. Ruiz Velasco, V. Sahakian, S. Sailer, H. Salzmann, D. Sanchez, A. Santangelo, M. Sasaki, J. Schaefer, H. Schutte, U. Schwanke, F. Schüssler, M. Senniappan, A. Seyffert, J.N.S. Shapopi, K. Shiningayamwe, R. Simoni, A. Sinha, H. Sol, H. Spackman, A. Specovius, S.T. Spencer, M. Spir-Jacob, L. Stawarz, R. Steenkamp, C. Stegmann, S. Steinmassl, C. Steppa, L. Sun, T. Takahashi, T. Tanaka, T. Tavernier, A. Taylor, R. Terrier, H. Thiersen, C. Thorpe-Morgan, M. Tluczykont, L. Tomankova, M. Tsirou, N. Tsuji, R. Tuffs, Y. Uchiyama, J. van der Walt, C. van Eldik, C. van Rensburg, B. van Soelen, G. Vasileiadis, J. Veh, C. Venter, P. Vincent, J. Vink, H.J. Völk, S. Wagner, J.J. Watson, F. Werner, R. White, A. Wierzcholska, Y.W. Wong, H.M. Yassin, A. Yusafzai, M. Zacharias, R. Zanin, D. Zargaryan, A. Zdziarski, A. Zech, S. Zhu, A. Zmija, S. Zouari, N. Żywucka and S. Ryderet al. (click to show)
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Pre-published on: July 07, 2021
Published on: March 18, 2022
While the youngest known supernova remnants (SNRs), such as Cassiopeia A (Cas A), have been proven to be able to accelerate cosmic rays (CRs) only up to $\sim$10$^{14}\,\mathrm{eV}$ at their present evolutionary stages, recent studies have shown that particle energies larger than a few PeV ($10^{15}\,\mathrm{eV}$) could be reached during the early stages of a core-collapse Supernova (cc-SN), when the high-velocity forward shock expands into the dense circumstellar medium (CSM) shaped by the stellar progenitor wind. Such environments, in particular the type IIn SNe whose progenitors may exhibit mass loss rates as high as $10^{−2}M_\odot\,\mathrm{yr}^{−1}$ \cite{smith14}, would thus lead to gamma-ray emission from $\pi^0$ decay in hadronic interactions, potentially detectable with current Cherenkov telescopes at very-high energies (VHE). Such a detection would provide direct evidence for efficient acceleration of CR protons/nuclei in SNe, and hence new insights on the long-standing issue of the origin of Galactic CRs. In that context, the High Energy Stereoscopic System (\hess) has been carrying out a Target of Opportunity (ToO) program since 2016 to search for such an early VHE gamma-ray emission towards nearby cc-SNe and SN candidates (up to $\sim$10 $\mathrm{Mpc}$), within a few weeks after discovery. After giving an overview of this \hess\ ToO program, we present the results obtained from the July 2019 observations towards the transient \at, originally classified as a type IIn SN, which occurred in the galaxy M74 at $\sim$9.8$\,\mathrm{Mpc}$. Although its nature still remains unclear, the derived \hess\ constraints on this transient are placed in the general context of the expected VHE gamma-ray emission from cc-SNe.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.22323/1.395.0809
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