Investigating the variance increase of readout error mitigation through classical bit-flip correction on IBM and Rigetti quantum computers
May 16, 2022
Readout errors are among the most dominant errors on current noisy intermediate-scale quantum devices. Recently, an efficient and scaleable method for mitigating such errors has been developed, based on classical bit-flip correction. In this talk, we compare the performance of this method for IBM's and Rigetti's quantum devices, demonstrating how the method improves the noisy measurements of observables obtained on the quantum hardware. Moreover, we examine the variance amplification to the data after applying of our mitigation procedure, which is common to all mitigation strategies. We derive a new expression for the variance of the mitigated Pauli operators in terms of the corrected expectation values and the noisy variances.
Our hardware results show good agreement with the theoretical prediction, and we demonstrate that the increase of the variance due to the mitigation procedure is only moderate.
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