PoS - Proceedings of Science
Volume 396 - The 38th International Symposium on Lattice Field Theory (LATTICE2021) - Oral presentation
Lattice determination of the pion mass difference $M_{\pi^{+}} - M_{\pi^{0}}$ at order $\mathcal{O}(\alpha_{em})$ and $\mathcal{O}( (m_{d}-m_{u})^{2})$ including disconnected diagrams.
G. Gagliardi*, R. Frezzotti, V. Lubicz, G. Martinelli, F. Sanfilippo and S. Simula
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Pre-published on: May 16, 2022
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We present our preliminary results concerning the charged/neutral pion mass difference $M_{\pi^{+}} - M_{\pi^{0}}$ at order $\mathcal{O}(\alpha_{em})$ in the QED interactions, and for $M_{\pi^{+}} - M_{\pi^{0}}$ at order $\mathcal{O}\left( (m_{d}-m_{u})^{2}\right)$ in the strong isospin-breaking term. The latter contribution provides a determination of the $\rm{SU}(2)$ chiral perturbation theory low-energy constant $\ell_{7}$, whose present estimate is affected by a rather large uncertainty. The disconnected contributions appearing in the diagrammatic expansion of $M_{\pi^{+}} - M_{\pi^{0}}$, being very noisy, are notoriously difficult to evaluate and have been neglected in our previous calculations. By making use of twisted mass Lattice QCD simulations and adopting the RM123 method, we will show that taking profit from our recently proposed rotated twisted-mass (RTM) scheme, tailored to improve the signal on these kinds of observables, it is possible to evaluate the disconnected diagrams with good precision. For the QED induced pion mass difference, we obtain, after performing the extrapolation towards the continuum and thermodynamic limit and at the physical point, the preliminary value $M_{\pi^{+}}-M_{\pi^{0}} = 4.622~(95)~{\rm MeV}$, that is in good agreement with the experimental result. For the determination of the low-energy constant $\ell_{7}$, our result $\ell_{7} = 2.5~(1.4)\times 10^{-3}$, which is limited so far to a single lattice spacing, is in agreement and improves phenomenological estimates.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.22323/1.396.0255
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