PoS - Proceedings of Science
Volume 396 - The 38th International Symposium on Lattice Field Theory (LATTICE2021) - Oral presentation
Localisation of Dirac modes in finite-temperature $\mathbb{Z}_2$ gauge theory on the lattice
G. Baranka* and M. Giordano
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Pre-published on: May 16, 2022
Published on:
Abstract
The low-lying Dirac modes become localised at the finite-temperature
transition in QCD and in other gauge theories, suggesting a general connection between their localisation and deconfinement. The simplest model where this connection can be tested is $\mathbb{Z}_2$ gauge theory in 2+1 dimensions. We show that in this model the low modes in the staggered Dirac spectrum are delocalised in the confined phase and become localised in the deconfined phase. We also show that localised modes correlate with disorder in the Polyakov loop configuration, in agreement with the ``sea/island''
picture of localisation, and with negative plaquettes. These results further support the conjecture that localisation and deconfinement are closely related.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.22323/1.396.0265
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