Infinite volume, three-body scattering formalisms in the presence of bound states
May 16, 2022
Strong interactions produce a rich spectrum of resonances that decay into three or more hadrons. Understanding their phenomenology requires a theoretical framework to extract parameters from experimental data and Lattice QCD simulations of hadron scattering. Two classes of relativistic three-body approaches are currently being pursued: the EFT-based and unitarity-based one. We consider a model of relativistic three-body scattering with an $S$-wave bound state in the two-body sub-channel using both formalisms. We present and discuss numerical solutions for the multi-hadron scattering amplitudes in different kinematical regions, obtained from integral equations of the EFT-based approach. The connection of our work to the ongoing program of computing the three-body spectrum from the lattice is highlighted. Finally, we show how to generalize the unitarity-based framework to include all relevant open channels, discuss the nonphysical singularities near the physical region, and show how to eliminate them in a simple case.
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