Lee-Yang edge singularities in lattice QCD : A systematic study of singularities in the complex 𝜇B plane using rational approximations.
May 16, 2022
A new approach is presented to explore the singularity structure of lattice QCD at imaginary chemical potential. Our method can be seen as a combination of the Taylor expansion and analytic continuation approaches. Its novelty lies in using rational (Padé) approximants for studying Lee Yang edge singularities. The motivation for using rational approximants will be exhibited. We will provide some confidence in our approach based on numerical experiments performed on well-
motivated “toy models”. Our focus lies in identifying singularities of the net-baryon number density in the complex $\mu_B$ plane. To this end we have found signatures of the Roberge-Weiss critical point(and Chiral singularities - subject to some caveats). In this contribution we will discuss the setup, simulation parameters and results obtained for 2+1 $flavor$ QCD in the complex $\mu_B/T$ plane.
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