PoS - Proceedings of Science
Volume 396 - The 38th International Symposium on Lattice Field Theory (LATTICE2021) - Oral presentation
Correlated Dirac eigenvalues around the transition temperature on $N_{\tau}=8$ lattices
W.P. Huang*, H. Ding, M. Lin, S. Mukherjee, P. Petreczky and Y. Zhang
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Pre-published on: May 16, 2022
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We investigate the criticality of chiral phase transition manifested in the first and second order derivatives of Dirac eigenvalue spectrum with respect to light quark mass in (2+1)-flavor lattice QCD.
Simulations are performed at temperatures from about 137 MeV to 176 MeV on $N_{\tau}=8$ lattices using the highly improved staggered quarks and the tree-level improved Symanzik gauge action. The strange quark mass is fixed to its physical value $m_s^{\text{phy}}$ and the light quark mass is set to $m_s^{\text{phy}}/40$ which corresponds to a Goldstone pion mass $m_{\pi}=110$ MeV.
We find that in contrast to the case at $T\simeq 205$ MeV
$m_l^{-1} \partial \rho(\lambda, m_l)/\partial m_l$ is no longer equal to $\partial ^2\rho(\lambda, m_l)/\partial m_l^2$ and $\partial ^2\rho(\lambda, m_l)/\partial m_l^2$ even becomes negative at certain low temperatures. This means that as temperature getting closer to $T_c$ $\rho(\lambda, m_l)$ is no longer proportional
to $m_l^2$ and thus dilute instanton gas approximation is
not valid for these temperatures.
We demonstrate the temperature dependence can be factored out in $\partial \rho(\lambda, m_l)/ \partial m_l$ and $\partial^2 \rho(\lambda, m_l)/ \partial m_l^2$ at $T \in [137, 153]$ MeV, and then we propose a feasible method to estimate the power $c$ given $\rho \propto m_l^{c}$.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.22323/1.396.0591
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