PoS - Proceedings of Science
Volume 398 - The European Physical Society Conference on High Energy Physics (EPS-HEP2021) - T01: Astroparticle and Gravitational Waves
Implications for first-order cosmological phase transitions and the formation of primordial black holes from the third LIGO-Virgo observing run
A. Romero-Rodríguez
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Pre-published on: March 08, 2022
Published on: May 12, 2022
We place constraints on the normalised energy density in gravitational waves from first-order strong phase transitions and from the formation of primordial black holes from curvature fluctuations using data from Advanced LIGO and Virgo's first, second and third observing runs. First, adopting a broken power law model, we place 95 % confidence level upper limits simultaneously on the gravitational-wave energy density at 25 Hz from unresolved compact binary mergers and strong first-order phase transitions. We then consider two more complex phenomenological models, limiting at 25 Hz the gravitational-wave background due to bubble collisions and the background due to sound waves at 95 % confidence level for phase transitions occurring at temperatures above 10e8 GeV. Finally, we perform a similar search assuming a background sourced by the formation of primordial black holes and unresolved compact binary mergers. For a very generic spectrum describing the primordial black hole background, we place 95% confidence level upper limits on the gravitational-wave energy density at 25 Hz
DOI: https://doi.org/10.22323/1.398.0113
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