Hide-and-seek with cosmic tau neutrinos
We first revisit the possibility of preserving the original flavor ratio of high energy cosmic neutrino flux by turning on a coupling between these neutrinos and ultra-light dark matter. We discuss the bound that can be set on such a coupling from the recent $\nu_\tau$ observation by ICECUBE and outline the implications of the coupling for the EeV range cosmic neutrino flux to be observed by upcoming neutrino detectors. We then focus on the $3+1$ scheme when the active sterile oscillation length is of order of 1000~km for EeV range cosmic neutrinos. We show that within this scenario, the probability of survival of an active neutrino passing through the Earth can be sizable, despite the fact that the mean free path of the EeV neutrinos is much smaller than the Earth radius. This opens up the possibility to have neutrino events similar to the two anomalous events reported by ANITA.
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