PoS - Proceedings of Science
Volume 398 - The European Physical Society Conference on High Energy Physics (EPS-HEP2021) - T05: Heavy Ion Physics
Nuclear coalescence and collective behaviour in small interacting systems
J. Tjemsland*, M. Kachelriess and S. Ostapchenko
Full text: pdf
Pre-published on: February 24, 2022
Published on: May 12, 2022
The production of light nuclei in particle collisions can be described as the coalescence of nucleons into nuclei. In most coalescence models used in heavy ion collisions, the probability for coalescence is controlled predominantly by the size of the interaction region, while nucleon momentum correlations may be treated as collective flow or even neglected. Interestingly, recent experimental data on $pp$ collisions at LHC have been interpreted as evidence for such collective behaviour even in small interacting systems. This is in contradiction to the standard approach of imposing the coalescence condition only in momentum space for small interacting systems, such as $e^+e^-$ and dark matter annihilations or $pp$ collisions. We argue however that these data are naturally explained using QCD inspired event generators when taking into account both nucleon momentum correlations and the size of the hadronic emission volume. To consider both effects, we use a per-event coalescence model based on the Wigner function representation of the produced nuclei states. This model reproduces well the size of baryon-emitting source as well as the coalescence factor $B_2$ recently measured in $pp$ collisions by the ALICE collaboration. Finally, we comment on the generalization to larger interacting systems.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.22323/1.398.0318
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