PoS - Proceedings of Science
Volume 398 - The European Physical Society Conference on High Energy Physics (EPS-HEP2021) - T06: QCD and Hadronic Physics
Production of light nuclei in small collision systems measured with ALICE
A. Balbino
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Abstract
The energy densities reached in high-energy hadronic collisions at the LHC allow significant production of light (anti)nuclei. Their production yields have been measured as a function of $p_\mathrm{T}$ and charged-particle multiplicity in the ALICE detector for different collision systems and at different center-of-mass energies. One of the most interesting results obtained from such a large variety of experimental data is that the dominant production mechanism of light (anti)nuclei seems to depend solely on the event charged-particle multiplicity. Evidence for this comes from the continuous evolution of the coalescence parameter, the deuteron-to-proton and the $^3$He-to-proton ratios with the event multiplicity across different collision systems and energies. The characterization of the light nuclei production mechanism is complemented by measurements of their production yields in jets, where hard QCD processes are dominant, and in the underlying event, which is dominated by soft QCD processes. In this contribution, recent results on the measurements of light nuclei production in proton-proton and proton-lead collisions at different center-of-mass energies are shown and discussed in the context of the statistical hadronization and coalescence models.
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