Heavy states and electroweak effective approaches
January 17, 2022
The existence of a mass gap between the Standard Model (SM) and possible new states encourages us to use effective field theories. Here we follow the non-linear realization of the electroweak symmetry breaking: the electroweak effective theory (EWET), also known as Higgs effective field theory (HEFT) or electroweak chiral Lagrangian (EWChL). At short distances an effective resonance Lagrangian which couples the SM states to bosonic and fermionic resonances is considered. After integrating out the resonances and assuming a well behaved high-energy behavior, we estimate or bound purely bosonic low-energy constants in terms of only resonance masses. Current experimental information on these low-energy constants allows us to constrain the high-energy resonance masses.
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