PoS - Proceedings of Science
Volume 398 - The European Physical Society Conference on High Energy Physics (EPS-HEP2021) - T12: Detector R&D and Data Handling
Performance of the ATLAS RPC detector and L1 Muon Barrel trigger at 13 TeV
M. Sessa* and  On behalf of the ATLAS Muon Collaboration
Full text: pdf
Pre-published on: March 10, 2022
Published on: May 12, 2022
Resistive Plate Chambers (RPCs) are fast gaseous detectors that are employed by the Level-1 muon trigger system in the barrel region of the ATLAS muon spectrometer. The Level-1 muon trigger system selects muon candidates produced in proton-proton collisions at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). Muon candidates are associated by the Level-1 system with the correct LHC bunch crossing and assigned to one of the six transverse momentum thresholds. The RPCs are arranged in three concentric double layers and consist of approximately 3700 gas volumes, with a total surface of more than 4000~m$^{2}$. They operate in a toroidal magnetic field of approximately 0.5~T and provide up to 6 position measurements along the muon trajectory, with a space-time resolution of about 2~cm $\times$ 2~ns. This contribution will discuss performance of the RPC detector and Level-1 muon barrel trigger system measured using proton-proton collision data at a centre-of-mass energy of 13~TeV. New measurements of RPC cluster size, detector efficiency and time resolution will be presented. Trigger efficiency, measured using Z boson decays to a muon pair, and trigger rate measurements will be summarised, as well as the composition of the accepted RPC muon candidates. Measurements of RPC currents as a function of the voltage and of the environmental parameters will be also presented, both with and without beams in the LHC. Similarly, RPC background counting rates are measured as a function of the instantaneous luminosity up to $2 \times 10^{34}$~cm$^{-2}$~s$^{-1}$. Measurements of the average avalanche charge for background events will be also presented. Finally, results of the extrapolations of the RPC detector response to the expected luminosity of the High Luminosity LHC will be shown.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.22323/1.398.0750
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