PRECISE localizations of repeating Fast Radio Bursts
April 14, 2022
May 24, 2022
Fast Radio Bursts (FRBs) are extremely luminous and brief signals (with duration of milliseconds or even shorter) of extragalactic origin. Despite the fact that hundreds of FRBs have been discovered to date, their nature still remains unclear. Precise localizations of FRBs can unveil their host galaxies and local environments -- and thus shed light on the physical processes that led to the burst production. However, this has only been achieved for a few FRBs to date.
The European VLBI Network (EVN) is currently the only instrument capable of localizing FRBs down to the milliarcsecond level. This level of precision was critical to associate the first localized FRB, 20121102A, to a star-forming region in a low-metallicity dwarf galaxy and physically related it to a compact persistent radio source. Analogously, a second repeating FRB, 20180916B, was found to just outside the edge of a prominent star-forming region of a nearby spiral galaxy.
The PRECISE project (Pinpointing REpeating ChIme Sources with EVN dishes), starting from 2019, has observed hundreds of hours per year with a subset of EVN telescopes with the goal of localizing repeating FRBs discovered by the CHIME/FRB Collaboration. The ultimate goal of PRECISE is to disentangling the environments where FRBs can be produced.
Here we present the state of the art of the FRB field, the PRECISE project, and the localizations achieved until now, which have unveiled a variety of environments where FRBs can be found that challenges the current models.
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