PoS - Proceedings of Science
Volume 402 - The 22nd International Workshop on Neutrinos from Accelerators (NuFact2021) - All Sessions
Detector Systems Development for Inter-Bunch Extinction Measurements at the 8 GeV Slow Extracted Pulsed Proton Beam for the COMET Experiment at J-PARC
K. Oishi*, Y. Fujii, Y. Fukao, Y. Higuchi, R. Honda, Y. Igarashi, F. Ikeda, Y. Nakazawa, H. Nishiguchi, K. Noguchi, M. Shoji, K. Ueno and H. Yoshida
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Published on: March 31, 2022
The COMET experiment will search for the muon-to-electron conversion process in aluminium with a high single event sensitivity.
We use the high-intensity proton beam at 8~GeV slowly extracted from the Main Ring (MR) synchrotron accelerator of the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC).
The beam must form in a pulsed structure with a distance of 1.2 $\mu$sec, and the extinction value, the proton-number ratio outside and inside of the bunch, should be less than $10^{-10}$.
We measured the extinction by counting proton-induced pions at the K1.8BR secondary beamline at J-PARC, and the analysis is ongoing.

For the measurement, we developed a hodoscope to measure the hit timings with segmented plastic scintillators and its surrounding system, including an amplifier and digitisation electronics and data acquisition (DAQ) software.
We prepared three different FPGA-based TDC modules with a time resolution of 1-7.5 nsec and optimised their firmware to have distinct advantages for redundancy.
The amplifier boards also discriminate signals and distribute them to all three TDC modules.
The DAQ software was designed not to limit the data transfer speed and not be suppressed by disk access.
The system worked as expected at a hit rate of roughly 10M$\pi$/beam spill, the maximally allowed beam intensity.

The detail and performance of the developed detector system will be presented.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.22323/1.402.0216
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