Tracking the magnetic field in the Fermilab Muon g-2 experiment
October 29, 2022
June 15, 2023
Recently the Muon g-2 collaboration published the most precise measurement of the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon, $a_\mu$, with a 460 ppb uncertainty based on the Run-1 data. The measurement principle is based on a clock comparison between the anomalous spin precession frequency of spin-polarized muons and a high-precision measurement of the magnetic field environment using nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) techniques, expressed by the shielded proton spin precession frequency. To achieve the ultimate goal of a 140 ppb uncertainty on $a_\mu$, the magnetic field in the storage region of the muons needs to be known with a total uncertainty of less than 70 ppb. Three devices are used to measure and calibrate the magnetic field in the Muon g-2 storage ring: (a) an absolute-calibrated NMR probe, (b) a movable array of NMR probes that can be pulled through the storage region of the muons and (c) a set of NMR probes outside of the vacuum chambers surrounding the storage region. Here we present the measurement and tracking principle of the magnetic field and point out improvements implemented for the analysis of the data recorded during Run-2 and Run-3.
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