Characterization of JUNO Large-PMT electronics in a complete small scale test setup
November 10, 2022
The Jiangmen Underground Neutrino Observatory (JUNO) is a neutrino medium baseline experiment under construction in southern China.
The experiment has been proposed with the main goals of determining the neutrino mass ordering and measuring the oscillation parameters with sub-percent precision.
To reach these goals, JUNO is located about 53 km from two nuclear power plants and will detect electron antineutrinos from reactors through inverse beta decay. Furthermore, an unprecedented energy resolution of 3 % at 1 MeV is required.
The JUNO detector consists of 20 kt of liquid scintillator (LS) contained in a 17.7 m radius acrylic vessel, which is instrumented with a system of 17612 20-inch Large-PMTs and 25600 3-inch Small-PMTs, with a total photo-coverage greater than 75 %. Additionally, 2400 Large-PMTs are installed in the instrumented Water Pool detector.
The signal from the Large-PMTs is processed by the JUNO electronics system, which can be divided into two main parts: the front-end electronics, placed underwater, consisting of a Global Control Unit (GCU); and the back-end electronics, outside water, consisting of DAQ and trigger.
Each GCU reads three Large-PMTs and has the main tasks of performing the analog-to-digital conversion of the signals, generating a local trigger to be sent to the global trigger, reconstructing the charge, tagging events with a timestamp, and temporarily storing data in the local FPGA memory before transferring it to DAQ upon a global trigger request.
The poster will mainly focus on the description of the underwater electronics for the Large-PMTs.
Results from tests on a small setup with 13 GCUs at Laboratori Nazionali di Legnaro, Italy, will also be presented.
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