Quantum SMEFT tomography: top quark pair
November 08, 2022
June 15, 2023
In recent years, an interest in the study of quantum information has grown within the high-energy particle physics community. The possibility to establish the presence of entanglement at particle colliders, such as the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN, is a novel and thrilling research direction, offering the opportunity to push quantum mechanics to its limits by using the heaviest fundamental particle: the top quark. With this in mind, we propose to use measurements of quantum entanglement to probe the behaviour of fundamental interactions and to search for New Physics at high energy within the Standard Model Effective Field Theory paradigm. Inspired by recent proposals to measure entanglement of top quark pairs produced at the LHC, we examine how the existence of new interactions between fundamental particles modify the Standard Model expectations. By performing analytical calculations, we unveil a non-trivial pattern of effects depending on the kinematical phase space configurations.
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