Volume 425 -
The Multifaceted Universe: Theory and Observations - 2022 (MUTO2022) -
Relativistic astrophysics

On turbulent viscosity in relativistic jets and accretion disks

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Pre-published on:
September 16, 2022

Published on:
December 14, 2022

Abstract

The mechanism of turbulent viscosity is the central question in investigations of turbulence. This is also the case in the accretion disk theory, where turbulence is considered to be responsible for the outward transport of angular momentum in the accretion disk. In turbulent flows, vortices transport momentum over their length scales providing the mechanism of viscosity that is controlled by mass entrainment. We have earlier proposed an entrainment model for the particular case of the relativistic jets in the radio galaxy 3C31. In this paper, we further constrain the model parameters. The model (in the non-relativistic part) is successfully tested versus experimental and simulation data on the Reynolds stresses of free mixing layers and predicts the Smagorinsky constant $C_\mathrm{S} \approx 0.11$, which is consistent with the experimental range for shear flows $C_\mathrm{S} \approx 0.1-0.12$. For accretion disks, the entrainment model allows us to derive the same accretion mass rate as in the Shakura--Sunyaev $\alpha$-model without appealing to the turbulent kinematic viscosity $\nu_\mathrm{t}$, and the viscosity parameter $\alpha$ derived in the form $\displaystyle \alpha = -\frac{8}{3} \beta s_\mathrm{T} \frac{\mathrm{v_t}^2}{c_\mathrm{s}^2}$ depends on the power $s_\mathrm{T}$ of the temperature slope along the disk radius, $T\propto r^{s_\mathrm{T}}$, and quadratically on the turbulent velocity $\mathrm{v_t}$.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.22323/1.425.0058

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