PoS - Proceedings of Science
Volume 430 - The 39th International Symposium on Lattice Field Theory (LATTICE2022) - Plenaries
The spectral reconstruction of inclusive rates
J. Bulava
Full text: pdf
Pre-published on: February 07, 2023
Published on: April 06, 2023
A recently re-discovered variant of the Backus-Gilbert algorithm for
spectral reconstruction enables the controlled determination of smeared
spectral densities from lattice field theory correlation functions.
A particular advantage of this approach is the \emph{a priori} specification of the kernel with which the underlying spectral density is smeared, allowing for variation of its peak position, smearing width, and functional form. If the unsmeared spectral density is sufficiently smooth in the neighborhood of a particular energy,
it can be obtained from an extrapolation to zero smearing-kernel width at fixed peak position.
A natural application for this approach is scattering processes summed over all hadronic final states. As a proof-of-principle test, an inclusive rate is
computed in the
two-dimensional O(3) sigma model from a two-point correlation function of conserved currents. The results at finite and zero smearing radius
are in good agreement with the known analytic form up to energies at which 40-particle states contribute, and are sensitive to
the 4-particle contribution to the inclusive rate.
The straight-forward adaptation to compute the $R$-ratio in lattice QCD from two-point functions of the electromagnetic current is briefly discussed.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.22323/1.430.0231
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