Lattice Study of Spectator Effects in $b$-hadron Decays
J. Lin*, W. Detmold and S. Meinel
December 22, 2022
April 06, 2023
The Heavy Quark Expansion (HQE) gives an expansion of inclusive decay rates of $b$-hadrons as a simultaneous series in $\alpha_s$ and $1/m_b$, in terms of perturbatively defined coefficients and non-perturbative matrix elements. Spectator effects arise from the dimension-$6$ operators in the HQE in which along with the heavy quark, a light spectator quark from the hadron participates in the weak decay. In this work, we provide a lattice determination of the bare matrix elements that contribute to the spectator effects for the $B^+$-meson, $B_d$-meson and the $\Lambda_b$-baryon. The computations were performed on two separate lattice spacings of the RBC-UKQCD (2+1)-flavor Domain Wall Fermion ensembles. Renormalization and continuum extrapolation of the matrix elements have not yet been computed, and are left to future work.
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