Polarized H_2, D_2 and HD molecules and their possible use to feed a polarized H_2^+, D_2^+ or HD^+ ion source for stripping injection into storage rings
March 13, 2023
August 04, 2023
With a dedicated apparatus it was shown that the nuclear polarization of hydrogen atoms and its isotopes, produced by a polarized atomic beam source (ABS), can be preserved during the recombination into molecules. In this way, polarized H$_2$ and D$_2$ molecules in hyperfine substates where both nucleons have the same nuclear spin are generated. In more recent experiments the ABS was used to determine the spin of hydrogen and deuterium atoms passing through in parallel. In this case, the nuclear spins of the protons and the deuterons can be determined separately to get HD molecules in any hyperfine substate, i.e.~in any spin combination. One application of this technique can be the design of an intense H$_2^+$, D$_2^+$ or even an HD$^+$ polarized ion source for stripping injection at storage rings like COSY with polarization values above 0.8 and intensities in the $\mu$A range.
How to cite
Metadata are provided both in "article" format (very similar to INSPIRE) as this helps creating
very compact bibliographies which can be beneficial to authors and
readers, and in "proceeding" format
which is more detailed and complete.