PoS - Proceedings of Science
Volume 441 - XVIII International Conference on Topics in Astroparticle and Underground Physics (TAUP2023) - Cosmology and Particle Physics
The Simons Observatory: Design, Integration, and Current Status of Small Aperture Telescopes
A. Mangu*, L. Corbett, S. Bhimani, F. Carl, S. Day-Weiss, B. DiGia, J. Errard, N. Galitzki, M. Hazumi, S.W. Henderson, A. Miller, J. Moore, X. Song, T. Tsan, Y. Wang and A. Zonca
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Pre-published on: January 08, 2024
Published on: March 22, 2024
The Simons Observatory (SO) is a cosmic microwave background (CMB) survey experiment located in the Atacama Desert in Chile at an elevation of 5200 meters, nominally consisting of an array of three 0.42-meter small aperture telescopes (SATs) and one 6-meter large aperture telescope (LAT). SO will make accurate measurements of the CMB temperature and polarization spanning six frequency bands ranging from 27 to 280 GHz, fielding a total of $\sim$68,000 detectors covering angular scales between one arcminute to tens of degrees. In this paper, we focus on the SATs, which are tailored to search for primordial gravitational waves, with the primary science goal of measuring the primordial tensor-to-scalar ratio r at a target level of $\sigma(r) \approx 0.003$. We discuss the design drivers, scientific impact, and current deployment status of the three SATs, which are scheduled to start taking data in the coming year. The SATs aim to map 10% of the sky at a 2 $\mu$K-arcmin noise level observing at mid-frequencies (93/145 GHz), with additional ultra-high-frequency (225/280 GHz) and low-frequency (27/39 GHz) targets to yield galactic foreground-subtracted measurements.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.22323/1.441.0003
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