PoS - Proceedings of Science
Volume 441 - XVIII International Conference on Topics in Astroparticle and Underground Physics (TAUP2023) - High-Energy Astrophysics and Cosmic Rays
Low-luminosity jetted AGN as particle multi-messenger sources
A. Reimer*, M. Boughelilba, L. Merten and P. Da Vela
Full text: pdf
Pre-published on: January 10, 2024
Published on: March 22, 2024
Gamma rays, high-energy neutrinos and cosmic rays (CRs) impinging on Earth signal the existence of environments in the Universe that allow acceleration of particle populations into the extremely energetic regime. In order to understand these observable signatures from putative CR sources in-source acceleration of particles, their energy and time-dependent transport including interactions in an evolving environment and their escape from source have to be considered, in addition to source-to-Earth propagation.

Low-luminosity jets of Active Galactic Nuclei (AGN) constitute the most abundant persistent jet source population in the local Universe. The dominant subset of these, Fanaroff-Riley 0 (FR0) galaxies, have recently been proposed as sources contributing to the ultra-high-energy cosmic ray (UHECR) flux observed on Earth.
In this work we consider the workings of UHECRs in low-luminosity jet environments, with focus on FR0 galaxies. By multi-messenger modelling these we predict potentially observable, distinct photon signatures at MeV energies from the core of FR0s, and expect FR0s to be rather weak neutrino emitter.
For this purpose we use our recently developed, fully time-dependent CR particle and photon propagation framework CR-ENTREES which takes into account all relevant secondary particle production and energy loss processes, and allows for an evolving source environment and efficient treatment of transport non-linearities.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.22323/1.441.0119
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