PoS - Proceedings of Science
Volume 444 - 38th International Cosmic Ray Conference (ICRC2023) - Cosmic-Ray Physics (Indirect, CRI)
EPOS LHC-R : up-to-date hadronic model for EAS simulations
T. Pierog* and K. Werner
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Pre-published on: August 08, 2023
Published on:
The hadron production in the simulation of extensive air showers is a long standing problem and the origin of large uncertainties in the reconstruction of the mass of the high energy primary cosmic rays. Hadronic interaction models re-tuned after early LHC data give more consistent results among each other compared to the first generation of models, but still can't reproduce extended air shower data (EAS) consistently. Ten years after the first LHC tuned model release, much more detailed data are available both from LHC, SPS and hybrid air shower measurements allowing to understand some deficiencies in the model. Properly taken into account in the new EPOS LHC-R, it leads to a change in both Xmax and the muon production by air showers. A better treatment of the hadronization according to LHC data is important for the muon production while an update of cross-section and nuclear fragmentation is changing the Xmax distribution. The detailed changes introduced in EPOS LHC-R will be addressed and their consequences on EAS observable.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.22323/1.444.0230
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