PoS - Proceedings of Science
Volume 444 - 38th International Cosmic Ray Conference (ICRC2023) - Cosmic-Ray Physics (Indirect, CRI)
Observation of the Lamb wave created by the eruption of the Hunga volcano using cosmic rays detected by the HAWC observatory
A. Sandoval
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Pre-published on: August 10, 2023
Published on:
The explosion of the Hunga volcano on January 15, 2022 created a pressure wave that circled the
globe several times. The HAWC water Cherenkov detectors saw very clear variations in the count
rate of particles from atmospheric showers for four passes of the pressure wave above the site in
central Mexico, at 4,100 m altitude, being at a distance of 10,000 km from the volcano. Combined
with the local pressure measurements we see a perfect anti correlation of the pressure profile with
the count rate profile, but the barometric coefficient is different for the single particle count rate to
that of the cosmic ray showers. The shape of the count rate variations for the first pass are different
than the pressure variations at lower altitudes reported worldwide, but it agrees remarkable well
with the barometric measurements done very close to the volcano in the Tonga island.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.22323/1.444.0295
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