EUSO-SPB2 Fluorescence Telescope Calibration and Field Tests
August 18, 2023
The Extreme Universe Space Observatory on a Super Pressure Balloon 2 (EUSO-SPB2), successfully launched from Wanaka, New Zealand on May 13, 2022, is a precursor for a space-based astroparticle observatory such as the Probe Of Extreme Multi-Messenger Astrophysics (POEMMA). EUSO-SPB2 flew two custom telescopes. Both have UV/UV-visible sensitivity and feature Schmidt optics. The Fluorescence Telescope (FT) measures ultra-high energy cosmic rays by looking down. The Cherenkov Telescope (CT) searches for neutrino signatures by looking toward Earth’s limb. The two telescopes each have a 1 m diameter entrance pupil and segmented glass mirrors that collect light from extensive air showers at the PeV and EeV-scale.
Here we describe the FT telescope optics together with the results of the FT field tests at the Utah Telescope Array (TA) site from August/September 2022. The FT recorded the night sky background, lasers, and artificial point sources. The field tests included an absolute photometric calibration of the FT telescope that is compared to a piece-wise laboratory calibration.
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