PoS - Proceedings of Science
Volume 444 - 38th International Cosmic Ray Conference (ICRC2023) - Cosmic-Ray Physics (Indirect, CRI)
A higher-order interpolation method for simulated radio signals of air showers
A. Corstanje*, S. Buitink, M. Desmet, H. Falcke, B.M. Hare, J.R. Hörandel, T. Huege, V.B. Jhansi, N. Karastathis, G. Krampah, P. Mitra, K. Mulrey, A. Nelles, H. Pandya, O. Scholten, K. Terveer, S. Thoudam, G. Trinh and S. ter Veen
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Pre-published on: July 25, 2023
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For high-precision cosmic-ray measurements using the radio emission of air showers such as done
with LOFAR and envisioned for the Square Kilometre Array (SKA), simulating ensembles of air
showers takes considerable CPU time. In particular, simulating every antenna position would
become intractable for the 60,000 antennas at SKA. We present a higher-order algorithm for
interpolating radio signals of air showers simulated on a radial (polar) grid. It allows to interpolate
the full pulse signal in each antenna/polarization along any position in the footprint. It provides
significant improvement over existing, linear methods. From a set of simulated showers analyzed
from 30 to 500 MHz, we show that simulating about 200 antennas is sufficient to represent signals
at any relevant position to high accuracy. Thus, by reducing simulation time for SKA by a factor
∼ 300, it offers a relevant extension to radio simulation codes.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.22323/1.444.0501
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