PoS - Proceedings of Science
Volume 444 - 38th International Cosmic Ray Conference (ICRC2023) - Gamma-ray Astronomy (GA)
Modelling the Gamma-ray Morphology of the Supernova Remnant W28
Presented by S. Einecke*  on behalf of G.P. Rowell, J. Pilossof, M. Burton and K.O. Cubuk
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Pre-published on: August 18, 2023
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Gamma-ray emission in the GeV and TeV energy regime has been detected towards the old supernova remnant (SNR) W28.
This object is a prime candidate for the study of cosmic-ray acceleration and diffusion, as the established adjacent molecular clouds provide target material for gamma-ray production and, due to its age, most particles have already escaped the shock front into the interstellar medium.
While gamma-ray spectra from different regions around the SNR have been successfully modelled by several authors, the predicted morphology is still lacking, which prevents us from fully understanding the details of the particle acceleration and transport.
High-energy gamma rays can be produced by the decay of neutral pions created in inelastic collisions of cosmic rays and the interstellar gas.
For accurate modelling of morphology, we need to know the location of cosmic rays and the interstellar gas in 3D, as small changes in relative position cause large differences in morphology.

In this contribution, we will introduce our novel 3D modelling and present the gamma-ray morphology around the SNR W28 using arcminute-scale molecular hydrogen gas distributions from the Mopra CO survey.
We will also discuss our optimisation procedure to determine the SNR, diffusion and gas properties to reproduce spatial and spectral gamma-ray observations from HESS and Fermi-LAT.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.22323/1.444.0923
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