PoS - Proceedings of Science
Volume 448 - The 32nd International Workshop on Vertex Detectors (VERTEX2023) - New developments: Timing
Development of HPK Capacitive Coupled LGAD (AC-LGAD) detectors
T. Imamura*, S. Kita, K. Nakamura and K. Hara
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The detectors with O(10) μm spatial resolution and O(10) ps timing resolution construct powerful particle trackers for future hadron or lepton collider experiments. LGAD: Low-Gain-Avalanche-Diode is a semiconductor detector technology to improve timing resolution. Capacitive Coupled LGAD (AC-LGAD) detectors have been developed with HPK in order to meet both spatial and timing resolution requirements. Prototype samples with finely segmented electrodes have been produced and tested with various sensor fabrication parameters: doping concentrations, active thickness and electrode coupling capacitance. Timing resolution and signal height were evaluated with beta-ray. As a result, 100 μm pitch pixel detector has been successfully developed achieving a good signal to noise ratio and 30 ps timing resolution for beta-ray. The detectors have to meet radiation hardness requirements as well. Radiation hardness of LGAD detectors has to be improved to use the detectors as inner trackers for hadron colliders. One of the major mechanisms of radiation damage of LGAD detectors is acceptor removal: shallow dopants in the gain layer of LGAD detectors are reduced by radiation damage. Two novel ideas are tested on effectiveness of delaying the acceptor removal.
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