PoS - Proceedings of Science
Volume 449 - The European Physical Society Conference on High Energy Physics (EPS-HEP2023) - T12 Detector R&D and Data Handling
ALICE 3: a next-generation heavy-ion detector for LHC Run 5 and beyond
N. Nicassio*  on behalf of the ALICE collaboration
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Pre-published on: December 14, 2023
Published on: March 21, 2024
The ALICE Collaboration proposes a completely new apparatus, ALICE 3, for the LHC Runs 5 and 6. The detector consists of a large pixel-based tracking system covering eight units of pseudorapidity, complemented by multiple systems for particle identification, including silicon time-of-flight layers, a ring-imaging Cherenkov detector, a muon identification system, an electromagnetic calorimeter and a forward conversion tracker. Track pointing resolution of better than 10 $\mu$m for $p_T$ >200 MeV/$c$ can be achieved by placing the vertex detector on a retractable structure inside the beam pipe. ALICE 3 will, on the one hand, enable novel studies of the quark-gluon plasma (QGP) and, on the other hand, open up important physics opportunities in other areas of QCD and beyond. The main new studies in the QGP sector focus on low-$p_T$ heavy-flavour production, including beauty hadrons, multi-charm baryons and charm-charm correlations, as well as on precise multi-differential measurements of dielectron emission to probe the mechanism of chiral-symmetry restoration and the time-evolution of the QGP temperature. Besides QGP studies, ALICE 3 can uniquely contribute to hadronic physics, with femtoscopic studies of the interaction potentials between charm mesons and searches for nuclei with charm, and to fundamental physics, with tests of the Low theorem for ultra-soft photon emission. This paper will cover the detector concept, the status of novel sensor R&D and the resulting physics performance.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.22323/1.449.0540
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