PoS - Proceedings of Science
Volume 449 - The European Physical Society Conference on High Energy Physics (EPS-HEP2023) - T12 Detector R&D and Data Handling
Development of the time-of-flight particle identification for future Higgs factories
B. Dudar*, U. Einhaus, J. List, K. Helms and F. Gaede
Full text: pdf
Pre-published on: January 19, 2024
Published on: March 21, 2024
With the emergence of advanced Silicon (Si) sensor technologies such as LGADs, it is now possible to achieve exceptional time measurement precision below 50 ps. As a result, the implementation of time-of-flight (TOF) particle identification (PID) for charged hadrons at future $e^{+}e^{-}$ Higgs factory detectors has gained increasing attention. Other PID techniques require a gaseous tracker with excellent dE/dx resolution, or a Ring-imaging Cherenkov detector (RICH), which adds additional material in front of the calorimeter.
TOF measurements can be implemented either in the outer layers of the tracker or in the electromagnetic calorimeter, and are thus particularly interesting as a PID method for detector concepts based on all-silicon trackers and optimised for particle-flow reconstruction.
In this study, we will explore potential integration scenarios of a TOF measurement in a future Higgs factory detector, using the International Large Detector (ILD) as an example. We will focus on the challenges associated with crucial components of TOF PID, namely track length reconstruction and TOF measurements. The subsequent discussion will highlight the vital impact of precise track length reconstruction and various TOF measurement techniques, including recently developed machine learning approaches. We will evaluate the performance in terms of $\pi/K$ and $K/p$ separation as a function of momentum, and discuss potential physics applications.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.22323/1.449.0548
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