PoS - Proceedings of Science
Volume 449 - The European Physical Society Conference on High Energy Physics (EPS-HEP2023) - T13 Accelerators for HEP
Green Accelerators? Lessons learned from ESS.
A. Sunesson*, L. Mats, E. Mohammad, H. Kent and K. Marko
Full text: pdf
Pre-published on: January 30, 2024
Published on: March 21, 2024
The costs of operating big science facilities, for example accelerators, are very large, and depend critically on the price of primarily electricity, but also of water and other utilities. This means that facilities must be energy and resource efficient. Facilities should at the same time also be environmentally sustainable. Finally, in these times with very high energy prices, all efforts must be made to keep the cost of operations at a reasonable level. In fact, these targets pull in the same direction. Efficient use includes not only the actual electrical efficiency of the existing equipment; it also means optimizing the whole facility for use of all energy. This will also help limiting the operations cost. At ESS a goal was to incorporate elements for sustainability already at the design stage in order to increase sustainability [1, 2]. ESS today sells excess heat to provide the local heating grid with energy, and provisions exist to use also lower-temperature water for heating purposes. The contribution will exemplify the trade-offs and considerations that were made, and what could have been implemented in a better way. A lot more can be done, and given the huge electrical power use almost any measure to save power will pay off quickly. The contribution will go over some of the possibilities and combinations that exist: Energy storage, solar panels, novel DC/DC converters to power equipment directly from solar panels, bio-fueled gas turbines, energy brokerage (buying electric power on term contracts to limit market exposure). ESS is also an active participant in various EU-programs that target sustainability, energy innovation, and flexible use of power [3, 4]. Many accelerator sites have large areas where for example solar panels or energy storage facilities can be installed. This kind of sustainability is part of the future for ESS. ESS also engaged in innovative projects for improved HV modulators [5] and multi-beam IOTs and klystron
DOI: https://doi.org/10.22323/1.449.0621
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