PoS - Proceedings of Science

Quantum of Quasars workshop

December 2-4, 2009
Grenoble, France
published July 05, 2010
Almost 50 years ago, Robert Hanbury Brown installed the Narrabri Stellar Intensity Interferometer. With the help of Richard Q. Twiss, they mathematically explained the working principle of this instrument and their successful measurements of stellar radii by correlating fluctuations of light intensities, instead of fringes produced by interferences of electrical fields. With this experiment, they opened up the use of second-order correlation functions, and somehow participated in the development of what is called today "quantum optics". The "HBT effect" still represents a key element of quantum optics textbooks. In 2005, Prof. Roy Glauber received the Physics Nobel Prize for his work on quantum coherence. However, the HBT effect has long ago disappeared from astrophysics which is so far only making use of the various forms of the first-order correlation function: spectra, images, visibilities. Our aim is to reopen the question of higher-order coherence and quantum phenomena in astrophysics, and to go beyond with the help of Extremely Large Telescopes and ultimate photon-counting devices. As matter of fact, stellar radii, and more generally stellar imaging, can be achieved using intensity interferometers, but under the fundamental condition that the source is essentially thermal. On the other hand, full second-order correlation function and quantum coherence, observed on thermal or non-thermal cosmic sources represent an unknown field, while many fascinating results and phenomena have already been demonstrated: slow light, entanglement, squeezed states, vorticity... The workshop "Quantum of Quasars" aims to bring together astrophysicists, quantum optics physicists and engineers working on ultra-fast light detection to explore how quantum optics and astrophysics could be (re)connected to achieve a better understanding of cosmic objects and light itself.
conference main image
Table of contents
Why Quantum of Quasars?
PoS(QQ09)001 pdf C. Foellmi
Challenges for the next generation amplitude interferometer
PoS(QQ09)002 file missing M. Schoeller
The Hanbury Brown-Twiss effect for cold atoms
PoS(QQ09)005 pdf C. Westbrook and D. Boiron
Development of a modern stellar intensity interferometer using Imaging Air Cherenkov Telescope arrays.
PoS(QQ09)006 file missing D. Kieda
Coherent light-matter interactions
PoS(QQ09)007 pdf J.L. Le Gouët
Coherence properties of modeless lasers
PoS(QQ09)008 pdf H. Guillet de Chatellus
HgCdTe APD- Focal Plane Array development at DEFIR for low flux and photon-counting applications.
PoS(QQ09)009 pdf J. Rothman
Synchrotron and Inverse Compton radiation from relativistic plasma. Effects of coherence and turbulence.
PoS(QQ09)010 pdf G. Pelletier
Quantum decoherence from stochastic backgrounds of gravitational waves
PoS(QQ09)011 file missing B. Lamine
A first attempt to Intensity Interferometry with Iqueye
PoS(QQ09)012 pdf I. Capraro
Using up-conversion interferometer for high resolution imaging. Up to the photon counting limit?
PoS(QQ09)013 file missing F. Reynaud
Non thermal emission from astrophysical jets
PoS(QQ09)014 file missing G. Henri
Optical quantum entanglement in astrophysics
PoS(QQ09)015 pdf J. Gomez
Photon quantum correlation measurements by two photon absorption in semiconductors: Do blackbody photons effectively bunch?
PoS(QQ09)016 file missing E. Rosencher