QQ09

December 2-4, 2009

Grenoble, France

Grenoble, France

Almost 50 years ago, Robert Hanbury Brown installed the Narrabri Stellar Intensity Interferometer. With the help of Richard Q. Twiss, they mathematically explained the working principle of this instrument and their successful measurements of stellar radii by correlating fluctuations of light intensities, instead of fringes produced by interferences of electrical fields. With this experiment, they opened up the use of second-order correlation functions, and somehow participated in the development of what is called today "quantum optics". The "HBT effect" still represents a key element of quantum optics textbooks. In 2005, Prof. Roy Glauber received the Physics Nobel Prize for his work on quantum coherence. However, the HBT effect has long ago disappeared from astrophysics which is so far only making use of the various forms of the first-order correlation function: spectra, images, visibilities.
Our aim is to reopen the question of higher-order coherence and quantum phenomena in astrophysics, and to go beyond with the help of Extremely Large Telescopes and ultimate photon-counting devices. As matter of fact, stellar radii, and more generally stellar imaging, can be achieved using intensity interferometers, but under the fundamental condition that the source is essentially thermal. On the other hand, full second-order correlation function and quantum coherence, observed on thermal or non-thermal cosmic sources represent an unknown field, while many fascinating results and phenomena have already been demonstrated: slow light, entanglement, squeezed states, vorticity...
The workshop "Quantum of Quasars" aims to bring together astrophysicists, quantum optics physicists and engineers working on ultra-fast light detection to explore how quantum optics and astrophysics could be (re)connected to achieve a better understanding of cosmic objects and light itself.

Table of contents |

Why Quantum of Quasars? PoS(QQ09)001 pdf |

Challenges for the next generation amplitude interferometer PoS(QQ09)002 |

The Hanbury Brown-Twiss effect for cold atoms PoS(QQ09)005 pdf |

Development of a modern stellar intensity interferometer using Imaging Air Cherenkov Telescope arrays. PoS(QQ09)006 |

Coherent light-matter interactions PoS(QQ09)007 pdf |

Coherence properties of modeless lasers PoS(QQ09)008 pdf |

HgCdTe APD- Focal Plane Array development at DEFIR for low flux and photon-counting applications. PoS(QQ09)009 pdf |

Synchrotron and Inverse Compton radiation from relativistic plasma. Effects of coherence and turbulence. PoS(QQ09)010 pdf |

Quantum decoherence from stochastic backgrounds of gravitational waves PoS(QQ09)011 |

A first attempt to Intensity Interferometry with Iqueye PoS(QQ09)012 pdf |

Using up-conversion interferometer for high resolution imaging. Up to the photon counting limit? PoS(QQ09)013 |

Non thermal emission from astrophysical jets PoS(QQ09)014 |

Optical quantum entanglement in astrophysics PoS(QQ09)015 pdf |

Photon quantum correlation measurements by two photon absorption in semiconductors: Do blackbody photons effectively bunch? PoS(QQ09)016 |