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Volume 316 - XXVI International Workshop on Deep-Inelastic Scattering and Related Subjects (DIS2018) - WG6: Spin and 3D structure
Longitudinal-transverse double-spin asymmetry with a $\cos\phi_S$ modulation in SIDIS
W. Mao,* X. Wang, Z. Lu
*corresponding author
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Pre-published on: 2018 September 20
Published on: 2018 November 23
We study the longitudinal-transverse double-spin asymmetry $A^{\cos\phi_S}_{LT}$ in semi-inclusive DIS for charged and neutral pions production by scattering a longitudinally polarized beam off a transversely polarized proton target. Within the collinear framework, in which the transverse momentum of the final state hadron is integrated out, we predict the asymmetry with a $\cos\phi_S$ modulation for the pion meson productions at the kinematics of CLAS12 and future Electron Ion Collider. There are two contributions to the corresponding asymmetry, one is the convolution of the twist-3 distribution function $g_{T}(x)$ and the unpolarized fragmentation function $D_1(z)$, the other is the coupling of the transversity distribution function $h_1(x)$ and the collinear twist-3 fragmentation function $\tilde{E}(z)$. Our numerical results show that the $\cos\phi_S$ asymmetry at CLAS12 is sizable, and the fragmentation function $\tilde{E}(z)$ plays an important role in the large-$z$ region.
The asymmetries at EIC are much smaller than those at CLAS12 due to the suppression in the large-Q region.
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