PoS - Proceedings of Science
Volume 318 - Corfu Summer Institute 2017 "Schools and Workshops on Elementary Particle Physics and Gravity" (CORFU2017) - Workshop on the Standard Model and Beyond
Scale hierarchies and string phenomenology
I. Antoniadis
Full text: pdf
Pre-published on: August 22, 2018
Published on: August 24, 2018
I describe the phenomenology of a model of supersymmetry breaking in the presence of a tiny (tuneable) positive cosmological constant. It utilises a single chiral multiplet with a gauged shift symmetry, that can be identified with the string dilaton (or an appropriate compactification modulus). The model is coupled to the MSSM, leading to calculable soft supersymmetry breaking masses and a distinct low energy phenomenology that allows to differentiate it from other models of supersymmetry breaking and mediation mechanisms. We also study the question if this model can lead to inflation by identifying the dilaton with the inflaton. We find that this is possible if the K\"ahler potential is modified by a term that has the form of NS5-brane instantons, leading to an appropriate inflationary plateau around the maximum of the scalar potential, depending on two extra parameters.
We then generalise this model to a general class where the inflation is driven by supersymmetry breaking with the superpartner of the goldstino (sgoldstino) playing the role of the inflaton. Imposing an R-symmetry allows to satisfy easily the slow-roll conditions, avoiding the so-called $\eta$-problem, and leads to two different classes of small field inflation models; they are characterised by an inflationary plateau around the maximum of the scalar potential, where R-symmetry is either restored or spontaneously broken, with the inflaton rolling down to a minimum describing the present phase of our Universe. The models agree with cosmological observations and predict a tensor-to-scalar ratio of primordial perturbations $10^{-9}<r<10^{-4}$ and an inflation scale $10^{10}$ GeV $<H_*<10^{12}$ GeV.}
DOI: https://doi.org/10.22323/1.318.0074
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