Differential Observation Techniques for the SZE-21cm and radio sources
2019 July 29
The SZE-21cm has been proposed as an alternative probe for the Dark Ages (DA) and the Epoch of Reionization (EoR). The effect is produced when photons of the 21cm background are inverse Compton (up-)scattered by electrons residing in hot plasma of cosmic structures and can be studied through differential observations of the large-scale structure, towards and away a region of the radio sky containing the cosmic structure of interest. This work makes use of the 21cmFAST code to simulate low frequency radio observations of a galaxy cluster from which we than extract the SZE-21cm signal. We further explore uses of the differential technique to radio observations of active radio galaxies using radio observations from the MWA GLEAM survey. The differential techniques this work studies enable us to extract the SZE-21cm signal from simulated galaxy cluster observations, which can then be used to obtain the global features of the 21cm signal during the DA and EoR. The technique shows further benefits in source extraction and characterisation, and feature enhancement in radio observations particularly for low-surface brightness and extended radio sources.