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Volume 358 - 36th International Cosmic Ray Conference (ICRC2019) - GRI - Gamma Ray Indirect
Assessment of the GCT Prototype’s Optical System Implementation and Other Key Performances for the Cherenkov Telescope Array
A. Dmytriiev,* L. Dangeon, G. Fasola, H. Sol, A. Zech, J. Gironnet, O. Le Blanc, J.P. Amans, G. Buchholtz, J.L. Dournaux, F. de Frondat, D. Horville, J.M. Huet, I. Jégouzo, P. Laporte on behalf of the GCT collaboration and the CTA consortium
*corresponding author
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Pre-published on: 2019 July 22
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The Cherenkov Telescope Array (CTA) project, led by an international collaboration
of institutes, aims to create the world's largest next generation observatory for Very High
Energy (VHE) gamma-ray astronomy. It will be devoted to observations in a wide band of
energy, from a few tens of GeV to a few hundreds of TeV with Large, Medium and Small-sized
The Small-Size Telescopes (SSTs) are dedicated to the highest energy range above a
few TeV and up to 300 TeV. GCT is an imaging atmospheric Cherenkov telescope (IACT)
proposed for the subarray of about 70 SSTs to be installed on the Southern site of CTA in
Chile. The Observatory of Paris and the National Institute for Earth Sciences and Astronomy
(INSU/CNRS) have developed the mechanical structure, mirrors (aspherical lightweight
aluminium segments) and control system of the GCT. The GCT is based on a Schwarzschild-
Couder (S-C) dual-mirror optical design which has the advantages, compared to the current
IACTs, to offer a wide field of view (~ 9°) while decreasing the cost and volume (~ 9 m x 4 m
x 6 m for ~ 11 tons) of the telescope structure, as well as the camera. The prototype (pGCT)
has been installed at the Meudon's site of the Observatory of Paris and was the first S-C
telescope and the first CTA prototype to record VHE events on-sky in November 2015.
After three years of intensive testing, pGCT has now been commissioned. This paper
is a status report on the complete GCT telescope optical system and the performance it can
provide for CTA.
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