Probing sterile neutrinos and axion-like particles from the Galactic halo with eROSITA
July 05, 2021
March 18, 2022
The nature of dark matter remains an open question and could be in the form of warm dark matter. Sterile neutrinos and axion-like particles are well motivated warm dark candidates, and can decay into photons, which are consequently detectable by X-ray telescopes with keV dark matter mass. Both particles could explain the observed unidentified 3.5 keV line and, interestingly, XENON1T observed an excess at a few keV that can originate from axion-like particles.
We study the diffuse emission coming from the Galactic halo, and test the sensitivity of all-sky X-ray survey eROSITA to identify a sterile neutrino or axion-like particle. By Monte Carlo method, we set bounds on the mixing angle of the sterile neutrinos and coupling strength of the axion-like particles. With eROSITA, we will be able to set stringent constraints, and in particular, we will be able to firmly probe the best-fit of the unidentified 3.5 keV line, where we reach an order of magnitude better sensitivity. Moreover, eROSITA is able to confirm an axion-like particle origin of the XENON1T excess for an excess greater than ∼3 keV.
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