PoS - Proceedings of Science
Volume 395 - 37th International Cosmic Ray Conference (ICRC2021) - GAD - Gamma Ray Direct
Classification of Fermi-LAT sources with deep learning
S. Manconi*, A. Butter, T. Finke, F. Keil and M. Kramer
Full text: pdf
Pre-published on: July 06, 2021
Published on: March 18, 2022
Machine learning techniques are powerful tools for the classification of unidentified gamma-ray sources. We present a new approach based on dense and recurrent deep neural networks to classify unidentified or unassociated gamma-ray sources in the last release of the Fermi-LAT catalog (4FGL-DR2). Our method uses the actual measurements of the photon energy spectrum and time series as input for the classification, instead of specific, hand-crafted features.
We focus on different classification tasks: the separation between extragalactic sources, i.e. Active Galactic Nuclei (AGN), and Galactic pulsars, the further classification of pulsars into young and millisecond pulsars and the sub-classification of AGN into different types.
Since our method is very flexible, we generalise it to account for uncertainties in the predicted classes.
Our list of high-confidence candidate sources labelled by the neural networks provides targets for further multiwavelength observations to identify their nature, as well as for population studies, and is available at \url{https://github.com/manconi/agn-psr-nn-classification}
DOI: https://doi.org/10.22323/1.395.0664
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