PoS - Proceedings of Science
Volume 395 - 37th International Cosmic Ray Conference (ICRC2021) - GAI - Gamma Ray Indirect
Deep Learning Transient Detection with VERITAS
K.J. Pfrang*  on behalf of the VERITAS Collaboration
Full text: pdf
Pre-published on: July 23, 2021
Published on: March 18, 2022
Ground-based $\gamma$-ray observatories, such as the VERITAS array of imaging atmospheric Cherenkov telescopes, provide insight into very-high-energy (VHE, $\mathrm{E}>100\,\mathrm{GeV}$) astrophysical transient events. Examples include the evaporation of primordial black holes, gamma-ray bursts and flaring blazars. Identifying such events with a serendipitous location and time of occurrence is difficult. Thus, employing a robust search method becomes crucial. An implementation of a transient detection method based on deep-learning techniques for VERITAS will be presented. This data-driven approach significantly reduces the dependency on the characterization of the instrument response and the modelling of the expected transient signal. The response of the instrument is affected by various factors, such as the elevation of the source and the night sky background. The study of these effects allows enhancing the deep learning method with additional parameters to infer their influences on the data. This improves the performance and stability for a wide range of observational conditions.
We illustrate our method for an historic flare of the blazar BL Lac that was detected by VERITAS in October 2016. We find a promising performance for the detection of such a flare in timescales of minutes that compares well with the VERITAS standard analysis.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.22323/1.395.0822
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