PoS - Proceedings of Science
Volume 445 - 21st Conference on Flavor Physics and CP Violation (FPCP2023) - Parallel session A
Cabibbo angle anomalies and a global fit to vector-like quarks
M. Kirk
Full text: pdf
Pre-published on: October 17, 2023
Published on: November 14, 2023
The most recent determinations of $V_{ud}$ from superallowed beta decays lead to a discrepancy when compared to the value implied by mesonic CKM measurements combined with CKM unitarity.
On top of this, improved precision in lattice QCD calculations have revealed another discrepancy between the $V_{us}$ determinations from kaon and pion semi-leptonic decays.
The combination of these can be referred to as the Cabibbo angle anomaly, which we find has a significance of around $3\,\sigma$.
After summarising the current state of these issues, I will talk about new physics models that modify semi-leptonic decays as potential explanations, and why vector-like quarks in particular appear the most promising candidates.
I will then discuss the results of a global fit to various vector-like quark models, and how other constraints are important in determining the most likely explanation.
Finally I will touch on future experiments that could shed further light on the situation.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.22323/1.445.0059
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