PoS - Proceedings of Science
Volume 449 - The European Physical Society Conference on High Energy Physics (EPS-HEP2023) - T04 Neutrino Physics
Wavepacket Localization, Evolution and Decoherence in Neutrino Oscillations
E. Ciuffoli
Full text: pdf
Pre-published on: January 22, 2024
Published on: March 21, 2024
I will present some of the results obtained regarding the emergence of decoherence in neutrino oscillations. In our model all the particles, including the source and detector, are treated dynamically and evolved consistently with Quantum Field Theory; decoherence can emerge naturally given the time evolution of the initial state and the final state considered.

We have shown that some of the assumptions commonly used in the literature, such as the covariance of the wavepackets, are inconsistent. We found that a crucial ingredient for decoherence is the localization in space-time of the neutrino creation and detection: in Nature, such a measurement is usually carried out by environmental interactions, however it could also be approximated by considering localized wavefunctions in the final state. On the other hand, if the environmental interactions are not present (for example, if the decay happens in vacuum), the final position of the daughter particles will not be measured, i.e. they will be described by plane waves instead: in this case the neutrino is not localized either, and we don't have decoherence.

A consequence of the time-evolution is that a Gaussian wavepacket will gradually spread: I will show that such an effect could in principle affect decoherence; moreover it would depend on the absolute mass scale of the neutrino, not on the $\Delta m^2$, which could offer a possible way to probe such a parameter by studying the neutrino oscillations.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.22323/1.449.0146
How to cite

Metadata are provided both in "article" format (very similar to INSPIRE) as this helps creating very compact bibliographies which can be beneficial to authors and readers, and in "proceeding" format which is more detailed and complete.

Open Access
Creative Commons LicenseCopyright owned by the author(s) under the term of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.