PoS - Proceedings of Science
Volume 455 - International Conference on Particle Physics and Cosmology (ICPPCRubakov2023) - Parallel session Cosmology and astroparticle physics
General constraints on sources of high energy cosmic rays. Updated Hillas diagrams.
S. Sotirov
Full text: pdf
Pre-published on: April 11, 2024
Published on: May 17, 2024
While the precise origins of high-energy cosmic rays remain elusive, various constraints can be placed on their possible sources. One such approach involves the Hillas diagram, a graphical representation that delineates the range of geometric sizes and magnetic fields of plausible astrophysical accelerators. Previous iterations of this diagram considered geometric criteria and radiation losses to establish these boundaries. In this study, we expand on the Hillas diagram for protons, incorporating the energy losses associated with photohadronic and Bethe-Heitler processes. This updated diagram links the allowable regions to the source's electromagnetic luminosity, resulting in the most stringent constraints for compact, bright sources like the central regions of active galactic nuclei.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.22323/1.455.0024
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