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CMB and Physics of the Early Universe

CMB2006
20-22 April 2006
Ischia, Italy

"More than ever before, astronomical discoveries are driving the frontiers of elementary particle physics, and more than ever before our knowledge of elementary particles is driving progress in understanding the universe and its contents".

The Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) is by far the most powerful cosmological probe. Its discovery in 1965 established the paradigm of the Hot Big Bang cosmology and also provided the first link between cosmology and particle physics, namely the production of light elements in the first three minutes after the beginning of the expansion. An impressive series of experiments aimed at mapping CMB anisotropies, culminating in the presently flying NASA’s Wilkinson Anisotropy Probe (WMAP), have led to determine that the universe is close to spatially flat, is dominated by dark energy, accounting for about 70% of the present cosmic energy density, and by dark matter comprising about 85% of the matter density, and that primordial fluctuations had a nearly scale-invariant spectrum, consistent with having emerged from a primordial inflationary phase. The tremendous inflationary expansion bridges the gap between the subatomic length scales and astrophysical scales, relating the seeds of the structure we observe in the universe to quantum fluctuations originated some 10-35 seconds after the big bang. In other words, from CMB anisotropies, that are directly related to the primordial density fluctuations, we can learn about physical processes occurring at extreme energies, unattainable in any conceivable accelerator on earth. Thus studies of the CMB bring us to the deepest questions about the origin of the universe. A synergic approach, involving cosmologists and particle physicists, is thus essential to identify an efficient strategy to understand the birth and the early evolution of the universe. This conference aims at providing a context helping to foster exchanges between particle physicists and cosmologists, and to break communication barriers among the two disciplines. Recent technological advances and the widespread recognition of the key role of information encoded in CMB maps are promoting design studies of a new generation of experiments, with at least an order of magnitude better sensitivity than ESA’s Planck satellite. The new experiments will target CMB polarization, and in particular the very weak B-mode, imprinted by the gravity-wave background produced during the very earliest epochs of the universe evolution. Another key aim of this conference is to provide a forum where different projects are compared and discussed, vis-a-vis with scientific priorities and taking into account the status of relevant technologies.

Editorial Board
Danese Luigi, De Zotti Gianfranco (chairman), Lawrence R. Charles, Longair Malcolm, Mandolesi Nazzareno, Novikov Igor, Partridge Bruce, Puget Jean-Loup, Sanz Luis José, Spergel David, Sunyaev Rashid, Vittorio Nicola, Volonté Sergio

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Sessions
FOREWORD
PHYSICS OF THE EARLY UNIVERSE
CMB THEORY
CMB OBSERVATIONS
FOREGROUNDS
THE FUTURE
POSTERS
FOREWORD
Foreword
PoS(CMB2006)081 pdf G. De Zotti
PHYSICS OF THE EARLY UNIVERSE
Physics of the very early Universe: what can we learn from particle collider experiments?
PoS(CMB2006)003 pdf M. Trodden
Physics of the very early Universe: what can we learn from cosmological observations?
PoS(CMB2006)005 pdf P. Gondolo
CMB THEORY
The CMB as a re-ionization probe
PoS(CMB2006)007 pdf N. Aghanim
The CMB as a Dark Energy probe
PoS(CMB2006)008 pdf C. Baccigalupi and V. Acquaviva
Constraints on cosmological parameters
PoS(CMB2006)009 pdf A. Balbi
Weak lensing of CMB temperature and polarization patterns: implications for large-scale structure
PoS(CMB2006)010 pdf M. Kesden
CMB OBSERVATIONS
Ongoing and future ground-based and balloon-borne CMB temperature and polarization experiments
PoS(CMB2006)012 pdf C.R. Lawrence
Methods and tools for statistical analyses of CMB data
PoS(CMB2006)014 pdf A.N. Lasenby and M. Hobson
FOREGROUNDS
High-frequency large-area surveys of extragalactic sources and their relevance for CMB experiments
PoS(CMB2006)015 pdf R.D Ekers, E.M. Sadler and R. Ricci
Polarized synchrotron emission
PoS(CMB2006)016 pdf C. Burigana, L. La-Porta, W. Reich, P. Reich, J. Gonzalez-Nuevo, M. Massardi and G. De Zotti
Dust polarization
PoS(CMB2006)017 pdf N. Ponthieu and P.G. Martin
An anomalous dust emission component? – the observations
PoS(CMB2006)018 pdf R.D. Davies
An anomalous dust emission component?
PoS(CMB2006)019 pdf L. Verstraete and N. Ysard
THE FUTURE
Round table discussin
PoS(CMB2006)075 pdf W. Gear
Round table discussion
PoS(CMB2006)077 pdf D. Moura
The CMB-Pol project
PoS(CMB2006)024 pdf P. De Bernardis, L. Conversi, S. Masi, F. Piacentini and G. Polenta
Conclusions
PoS(CMB2006)025 pdf attachments M. Longair
POSTERS
Quick Detection System for Planck satellite
PoS(CMB2006)026 pdf J. Aatrokoski, A. Lahteenmaki, M. Tornikoski and E. Valtaoja
Investigating Dark Energy with the CMB lensing
PoS(CMB2006)027 pdf V. Acquaviva
The Polarized synchrotron with GEM
PoS(CMB2006)029 pdf D.S. Barbosa, J.M. Bergano, R. Fonseca, D.M. dos Santos, L. Cupido, A. Mourao, G. SMOOT, C. Tello, I. Soares, T. Villela and M. Bersanelli
Observations of Anomalous Dust
PoS(CMB2006)032 pdf R.J. Davis, R.D. Davies, C. Dickinson, K.M. Gorski, A.J. Banday and T.R. Jaffe
Angular power spectrum of the FastICA CMB component from BEAST data
PoS(CMB2006)033 pdf S. Donzelli, D. Maino, M. Bersanelli, J. Childers, N. Figueiredo, P.M. Lubin, P.R. Meinhold, I.J. O'Dwyer, M.D. Seiffert, T. Villela, B.D. Wandelt and C.A. Wuensche
Level 1 core software end-to-end testing for Planck/LFI
PoS(CMB2006)035 pdf M. Frailis, M. Maris, M. Guerrini, A. Zacchei, F. Pasian, R. Rohlfs, N. Morisset, M. Turler, M. Miccolis, P. Leutenegger, P. Battaglia and C. Franceschet
Dipole Straylight Contamination and Low Multipoles
PoS(CMB2006)070 pdf A. Gruppuso, C. Burigana and F. Finelli
Deconvolution Map-Making
PoS(CMB2006)037 pdf D. Harrison, F. Van Leeuwen and M. Ashdown
Galaxy catalogs and the diffuse warm gas phase.
PoS(CMB2006)038 pdf C. Hernandez-Monteagudo, H. Trac, R. Jimenez and L. Verde
Radio Sources in Galaxy Clusters at 15 GHz and Confusion in the Sunyaev-Zel'dovich Effect
PoS(CMB2006)040 pdf T. Kaneko
Map-making for the Planck 30 GHz channel with Polar and MADAM destriping codes
PoS(CMB2006)041 pdf H. Kurki-Suonio, V. Heikkila, E. Keihanen, R. Keskitalo and T. Poutanen
Results of the Planck 70 GHz Receiver Protoflight Model Test Campaign
PoS(CMB2006)072 pdf M. Laaninen, P. Jukkala, N. Hughes, J. Varis and J. Tuovinen
Artefacts due to bandpass mis-match
PoS(CMB2006)043 pdf P. Leahy and K. Foley
Millimetric observations of the SZE towards Corona Borealis Supercluster
PoS(CMB2006)080 pdf G. Luzzi, E.S. Battistelli, M. De Petris, L. Lamagna, R.A. Watson, R. Rebolo, F. Melchiorri, R. Genova-Santos, S. De Gregori, J.A. Rubino-Martin, R.D. Davies, R.J. Davis, K. Grainge, M.P. Hobson, R.D.E. Saunders and P.F. Scott
Simulating the Zody Emission in the Planck Mission
PoS(CMB2006)044 pdf M. Maris, C. Burigana and S. Fogliani
SPIDER: A Balloon-Borne Polarimeter for Measuring Large Angular Scale CMB B-modes
PoS(CMB2006)071 pdf C. MacTavish, D. Bond, O. Doré, R. Bihary, T. Montroy, J.E. Ruhl, P.A.R. Ade, C. Tucker, J. Bock, W. Holmes, J. Mulder, A. Turner, J. Brevik, A. Crites, S. Golwala, V. Hristov, B. Jones, C.L. Kuo, A. Lange, P. Mason, A. Trangsrud, C. Contaldi, B. Crill, L. Duband, M. Halpern, G. Hilton, K. Irwin, B. Netterfield, E. Pascale and M. Viero
Realistic point source maps at Planck frequencies
PoS(CMB2006)045 pdf M. Massardi, J. Gonzalez-Nuevo and G. De Zotti
Dust in High-Velocity Clouds : relevance for Planck
PoS(CMB2006)046 pdf M.A. Miville-Deschenes, F. Boulanger, P.G. Martin, F.J. Lockman, W.T. Reach and A. Noriega-Crespo
PTD vs PO effects in power and polarization of Planck HFI-100 beams
PoS(CMB2006)074 pdf F. Noviello, V. Yurchenko, J.M. Lamarre and J.A. Murphy
Simulations of polarized dust emission
PoS(CMB2006)048 pdf V.M. Pelkonen, M. Juvela and P. Padoan
HFI L2 destripping and mapmaking tools
PoS(CMB2006)049 pdf F. Couchot, G. Le-Meur, O. Perdereau, S. Plaszczynski, C. Rosset, F. Touze and M. Tristram
Preliminary Simulations of LFI Main Beam Using Feed Horn Patterns
PoS(CMB2006)051 pdf P. Platania, O. D'Arcangelo, L. Figini, C. Sozzi, M. Sandri and F. Villa
Mapping the ionization sources with Planck polarization measurements
PoS(CMB2006)073 pdf L.A. Popa and C. Burigana
PLANCK: Detectability of Synchrotron emission by DM annihilation.
PoS(CMB2006)052 pdf E. Presani, M. Maris and A. Gregorio
Planck Reference Sky versus WMAP
PoS(CMB2006)054 pdf S. Ricciardi
Sunyaev-Zel'dovich effect at supercluster scales with Planck
PoS(CMB2006)056 pdf J.A. Rubino-Martin, R. Coratella, R. Rebolo, M. De Petris, G. Yepes, R.A. Watson, L. Lamagna, R. Genova-Santos, E.S. Battistelli, G. Luzzi and S. De Gregori
Magnetic fields: their influence on the reionization epoch
PoS(CMB2006)057 pdf B. Ruiz-Granados, E. Battaner, J.A. Rubino-Martin, E. Florido and C. Hernandez-Monteagudo
Ray-tracing through N-body simulations and CMB anisotropy estimations
PoS(CMB2006)058 pdf D.P. Sáez, N. Puchades, J.V. Arnau and M.J. Fullana
Discriminating secondary from primary non-Gaussian signals
PoS(CMB2006)059 pdf P. Abrial, J.L. Starck, Y. Moudden, N. Aghanim and O. Forni
Component Separation in Polarization with FastICA
PoS(CMB2006)060 pdf F. Stivoli
MEM harmonic space-based component separation for the Planck experiment.
PoS(CMB2006)061 pdf V. Stolyarov, M. Hobson, M. Ashdown and A.N. Lasenby
Observations of a large sample of BL Lac objects at 37 GHz
PoS(CMB2006)062 pdf E. Nieppola, M. Tornikoski, A. Lahteenmaki and E. Valtaoja
Xspect / Xpol : CMB angular power spectra estimator using cross-correlation
PoS(CMB2006)063 pdf M. Tristram
Late stages of stellar evolution with PLANCK
PoS(CMB2006)064 pdf G. Umana, C. Trigilio, C.S. Buemi, C. Burigana and P. Leto
Perseus anomalous emission as seen with VSA
PoS(CMB2006)066 pdf R. Watson, R. Rebolo, R.D. Davies, R.J. Davis and J.A. Rubino-Martin
Observational implications of the bandwidth effects in 70 GHz LFI main beams
PoS(CMB2006)068 pdf J. Zuccarelli and C. Burigana