Calculating the $\rho$ radiative decay width with lattice QCD
2019 May 29
We present the results of our lattice QCD study of the $\pi\gamma\to\pi\pi$ process, where the $\rho$ resonance appears as an enhancement in the transition amplitude. We use $N_f=2+1$ clover fermions on a lattice of $L=3.6$ fm and a pion mass of $320$ MeV. Using a combination of forward, stochastic, and sequential propagators, we calculate the two-point and three-point functions that allow us to determine the $\pi\gamma\to\pi\pi$ matrix elements for several values of the invariant mass $s$ and momentum transfer $q^2$. To fit the $q^2$ and $s$ dependence of the $\pi\gamma\to\pi\pi$ amplitude, we explore a set of general parametrizations based on a Taylor expansion. By analytic continuation to the complex pole corresponding to the $\rho$ resonance, we determine the resonant form factors and calculate the radiative decay width of the $\rho$.