PoS - Proceedings of Science
Volume 455 - International Conference on Particle Physics and Cosmology (ICPPCRubakov2023) - Parallel session Cosmology and astroparticle physics
On cosmologies with “strong gravity in the past”
Y. Ageeva
Full text: pdf
Pre-published on: April 11, 2024
Published on: May 17, 2024
This short report is devoted to the study of cosmological solutions without initial singularity in scalar-tensor theories of gravity and the legitimacy of their classical treatment. Non-singular epoch -- genesis -- was constructed in a certain subclass of the Horndeski theory. Considered solution is stable at all times, and perturbations propagate subluminally. Moreover, it was show that in a specific range of Lagrangian parameters there is no strong coupling regime in the constructed model at early times, i.e. the classical field theory description is applicable. For this analysis of strong coupling problem we have used ``naive'' dimensional analysis. However, this analysis may sometimes badly fail in estimating the strong coupling scale. Indeed, examining the potential strong coupling problem at early times in a
contracting cosmological
, which is conformally related to
inflation, from naive dimensional analysis in the
Jordan frame
one would
conclude that the quantum
strong coupling energy scale can be lower than the classical
energy scale, but from the Einstein frame prospective this should not
be the case. We illustrate this point by calculation in the Jordan frame
which shows cancellations of the dangerous contributions in the tree level
amplitude. Therefore, it is necessary to use more accurate analysis of the strong coupling problem using unitarity bounds. To this end, useful unitarity relations and unitary bounds were found in a theory that contains scalar fields with different sound speeds.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.22323/1.455.0026
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